CUSHMAN (company)

Cushman is a manufacturer of industrial, personal and custom vehicles.  It is based in Augusta, Georgia, United States and is owned by Testron.

The Cushman company started in 1903 in Lincoln, Nebraska, by Everett & Clinton Cushman.  The company incorporated as Cushman Motor Works in 1913. Cushman began production of their four-stroke Husky engine in 1922. Cushman produced engines for farm equipment, pumps, lawn mowers and boats. Cushman began making Auto-Glide scooters in 1936 as a means to increase the sale of Husky engines during the Great Depression.  Cushman scooters were widely used by the United States Armed Forces in World War II and as an alternative to automobiles before and after the war.  One famous Cushman was the model 53, a military model from the World War II era.

Designed to be dropped by parachute with Army Airborne troops, it became known as the Cushman Airborne.  Other models were used on military bases for messenger service.  The most successful model of Cushman scooter, the Eagle, was in production approximately 16 years.  It resembled a motorcycle with its exposed engine and top tank.  Other Cushman models used a step-through design common for scooters.  the step-through design and ease of operation made it popular with men and women alike.  some late-1950s Cushmans, designated Road King and Pacemaker, had jet-age body styling.  Sears sold a version of these models under the Allstate brand.  In 1958, 15000 Scooters were produced by Cushman.  Scooter production ended in 1965, but some remaining Eagles were sold as 1966 models.  After scooter production ceased, Cushman manufactured golf carts, industrial vehicles and turf maintenance equipment.  In Belgium there was a license-production of Cushman scooters under the label Belgian Cushman.

Cushman Trucksters were produced from 1952 to 2002. Small and light duty, they have been used for ice cream sales, mall and stadium maintenance, and by MYPD.  Cushman became a division of the Outboard Marine Corporation in 1962.  Ransomes (of Great Britain) purchased Cushman in 1989, and then Textron purchased Ransomes.

Models of Cushman are the: Eage, Haulster, Truckster, Bellhop Series, golf carts, Tug, Minute Miser truck, Titan, Model C 4hp engine patented in 1911, motor scooters, the Allstate and the Trailster offroad model.

This information is from the Wikipedia.



The Clinton Engines corporation was established in 1946 to manufacture small general purpose air-cooled gasoline engines.  Today the corporation is one of the largest suppliers of these engines which are used principally on power lawnmowers, and for other home, farm and industrial uses.  A complete chainsaw line and air-cooled outboards from 3 to 9.9 horsepower are also manufactured at the Maquoketa, Iowa plant.

Largest outlet for Clinton engines is the power lawnmower market. it is estimated that about two-thirds of the Corporation's engines go into this field.  among the corporations contributions to the industry are- the first mass produced vertical-shaft engines for rotary lawnmowers; first o introduce an automotive-type oil pump in a 4-cycle engine and the "dry type" automotive air filter; first to use the shell-molded engines; first to use a cast-iron liner, cast as an integral part of the cylinder block, in lightweight aluminum engines; and similar other developments which have made these engines more versatile, easier to start and give longer usable operating life.

In 1952, Clinton introduces its own line of chain saws.  The saws were used in agriculture, home construction, and by utility companies for clearing land, landscaping, and cutting timber and pulpwood.

In 957, Clinton introduces its own line of 5-horsepower air-cooled outboard motors. Ideal for fishing, trolling and cruising, they could provide stand-by auxiliary power for small and medium-sized sailboats, as well as for dinghies, canoes, or any type of wood, fiberglass or aluminum craft.  In 1966, a 9.9 horsepower air-cooled unit was added.

In recent years Clinton accounted for one-third of all air-cooled engines sold under 10 horsepower overseas.  In May 1966, Clinton received the coveted "E" Award for excellence in export from the President of the Untied States, the first engine manufacturer to be so honored.

In 1966, "Clinton Engines" ran out of money and filed for bankruptcy.  the bankruptcy court approved sale of Clinton Engines to a Mr. Martin Hoffinger of "Lomart Company".  He down scaled the Clinton operation and reopened in 1967.

They continued to manufacturing small engines.  By 1980 the chain saw and outboard divisions were sold off and liquidated.  The only portion of Clinton that remained was the Clinton Engines Parts Department.

Information taken from Clinton Field Service Manual Excerp